Measures intend to prevent spread of destructive Coffee berry borer pest
Media release from Hawaii Department of Agriculture
HONOLULU, Hawaii: The Hawai`i Department of Agriculture (HDOA) has established permanent rules that require permits, treatments and inspections in order to transport unroasted coffee beans and other coffee-related materials from Hawai`i Island to other islands to prevent the spread of the coffee berry borer (CBB). The rules are effective today, February 24, 2012 and are similar to interim rules that were placed in effect in December 2010.
The rules permanently place Hawai`i Island under a quarantine order that requires a permit from HDOA to transport unroasted coffee beans, coffee plants and plant parts, used coffee bags and coffee harvesting equipment to other islands that are not infested with the coffee berry borer. The rules also require certain treatments and inspection by HDOA Plant Quarantine inspectors prior to shipping. Inspectors will either attach a tag, label or stamp to indicate the shipment passed inspection requirements. For unroasted coffee beans, acceptable treatment protocols include fumigation, freezing and heat treatment prior to shipping.
HDOA inspection stations are located in Hilo and at Keahole Airport in Kona. While there is no charge for permits, normal inspection and certification fees apply.
Transporting of coffee plants and plant parts for propagation from Hawai`i Island to a non-infested island requires treatment with an approved pesticide and quarantine and monitoring in a state facility for a period of not less than one year.
“The rules were established to give us the best chance to prevent the spread of the coffee berry borer to other islands,” said Russell S. Kokubun, Chairperson of the Hawai`i Board of Agriculture. “We appreciate the cooperation of coffee growers and shippers on Hawai`i Island in helping to protecting other Hawai`i coffee regions from this serious pest.”
The quarantine requirements do not effect interisland shipments of roasted coffee beans. The requirements also do not apply to shipments of coffee beans, plants, plant parts or harvesting equipment that are being exported directly out of the state and are not being transshipped through other islands.
CBB (Hypothenemus hampei), is a small beetle and is native to Central Africa and is also found in many coffee-growing regions of the world, including Central and South America. The beetle bores into the coffee berry to lay its eggs. The larvae feed on the coffee bean, reducing the yield and quality of the bean. Because the larvae are inside the bean, it makes it difficult to control with pesticides.
Hawai`i Island is the only island where CBB has been detected. It was first confirmed in Kona in September 2010 and was detected in the Ka`u region in May 2011.
Hawai`i coffee growers in non-infested areas are also encouraged to be vigilant and report any suspected CBB infestations to HDOA’s Plant Pest Control Branch on O`ahu at (808) 973-9522 or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
More information on CBB is available on the department’s website at: http://hawaii.gov/hdoa/pi/ppc/coffee-berry-borer-folder/coffee-berry-borer-information-page