(BIVN) – It appears new magma supply to the intrusion below the surface south of Kīlauea’s summit caldera has slowed or stopped, scientists say.
Kīlauea volcano is not erupting, and after a recent uptick in activity that prompted a raise in the Volcano Alert Level from ADVISORY to WATCH for a brief time, things have settled down.
“Earthquake rates beneath the southern part of Kīlauea’s summit caldera and extending to the southwest have decreased over the past 24 hours,” the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reported on Tuesday. “Ground deformation in Kīlauea’s summit region associated with the intrusion has ceased since yesterday afternoon, August 30. Other monitoring data streams, including sulfur dioxide emission rates and webcam views, do not show changes.”
Currently, there is no indication of Halema‘uma‘u vent resuming eruption, the USGS says. There is also no unusual activity noted in the East Rift Zone.
From the USGS observations report:
Within the past 24 hours, 33 earthquakes have been detected beneath the surface within and southwest of Kīlauea’s summit caldera, and extending to the Koa‘e fault zone. Most of the earthquakes are below magnitude 2 and are occurring approximately 1-4 km (0.6-2.5 mi) below the surface. Summit tiltmeters continued to record inflation and a change in the style of ground deformation until approximately noon yesterday, August 30, after which ground deformation associated with this event ceased. These observations suggest that new magma supply to the intrusion below the surface south of Kīlauea’s summit caldera has slowed or stopped.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rates remain at very low levels that have persisted since May 2021, when the most recent summit eruption ended. The most recent SO2 emission rates, measured on August 26, were 45 tonnes per day, close to levels associated with the non-eruptive period from late 2018 to late 2020 (less than 50 tonnes per day). This is significantly lower than emission rates that averaged over 800 tonnes per day from mid-February to mid-April when the summit eruption of Kīlauea was ongoing.